TREATMENT AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES IN SNAKE BITE

Snake bite is the injury happened due to bite of a snake. This snake bite is quite common in worldwide. In United States about 7000 people are affected in a year for venomous snake bite. In US rattle snake only bites a lot. It’s a dangerous snake with the rattling sound at the tail region. The venomous snake bite resembles with two punctured wounds around the bite area. A non venomous snake kills its own prey and eats other reptiles and insects. Poisonous snakes are seen in all regions; only at Antarctica these venomous snakes are not seen. Over all in worldwide if you see several thousands of people get suffered from this snake bite on each year. Allergic reaction are caused commonly for bite of every snakes, those who stay in forest area are highly prone to snake bite.

List of Venomous Snakes
• Copper head
• Cobra
• Viper
• Rattle snake
• Coral snake
• Water moccasin

Symptoms of snake bite

• Blood discharge
• Swelling
• Severe pain
• Vomiting
• Increase in thirst
• Excess of sweating
• Numbness
• Burning sensation
• Diarrhoea
• Blurred vision
• Rapid pulse rate
• Fainting
• Fever
• Convulsion
• Loss of muscular coordination.

Treatment

• Get a help from a medical practitioner as early as possible.
• Wash that bite area with water
• Immobilize the wound area
• Try to keep the affected area in little raised level.
• Try to give cool compress on the affected area.
• Try to apply bandage on the bite area, thereby helping in preventing the poison gets spread throughout other regions of human body.
• If there is bleeding try to stop it earlier.
• See the respiratory rate, pulse rate.
• When venom snake bite, try to suck the venom and remove from the body.

Preventive methods
• Stop killing the snake; try to stay away from it. When you’re in forest keep yourself away from tall grasses.
• Try to use pest control regularly in homes; thereby entry of snake in residential areas can be minimized.
• Use of camp fire in night time, flash light usage in overnight times helps in preventing the snake entry inside.
• While climbing rocks we have to carefully climb, since snakes may lie on that rock area. So rock climbers ensure that no snake stay nearby.

Important things to remember
1. The time of bite to be noted and kept.
2. The snake bite affected person shouldn’t walk and go.
3. Make the affected person to stay calmer, thereby no movements occur, because of that no venom gets transmitted throughout other part of the human body.
4. Swelling is common in snake bite, so try to remove the jewels or any extra clothing from the bitten area.
5. If the condition is very worse, try to seek medical help and ensure whether antivenom is given intravenously, to counter those venom effects in human body.
6. If mild ill effects of venom snake bites are seen, tetanus vaccine is helpful; also the wound has to be cleaned well.

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Dt. Ramya Sri

Chief Nutrition & Fitness Consultant- Expertise in Nutrition, Fitness, Healthcare sector. Ramya has spirit, dedication in work, passion for Fitness and sales, love fitness and nutrition profile, skillful, multitasking with 10 years of proven skills in Fitness and nutrition field.

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