Check for the following symptoms:
- Omission of letters, words or word endings.
- Addition of sounds, or words/letters.
- Substitution of words/letters.
- Mispronouncing words/letters.
- Reversing whole word/letters.
- Transposing order of words in a sentence.
- Ignoring punctuation’s.
- Problems of laterality.
These symptoms show that your child is suffering from learning disability and these signs can be hardly to identified before your child enters school, but some early clues may indicate a problem.
Some of the symptoms before school can be:
- Delay talking
- Learning new words late
- Problems in remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors
- Difficulty in learning nursery rhymes
Learning disabled children exhibit disorder in one or more basic psychological processes involved in understanding and using spoken or written languages. The disorders are manifested in listening, thinking, talking, reading, writing, spelling and arithmetic.
What causes Dyslexia:
This problem is generally linked to genes; thus the condition often runs in families. The child is more likely to have dyslexia if the parents, siblings, or other family members have it.
A very small minority of people acquire the condition of this learning disability after they are born, usually due to a brain injury, stroke, or some other type of trauma.
Characteristics of Learning Disability:
- Poor spelling ability
- Shorten words (‘member’ for ‘remember’)
- Misreads number (‘6’ as ‘9’)
- Poor coping ability
- Reverse letters (“b” as “d”)
- Poor writing ability
- Misreads words which look similar (‘help’ for held’)
- Omits letter (‘went’ as ‘wet’)
- Reads words backwards (‘saw’ for ‘was’)
- It is difficult to decode logos and signs for them
- It is difficult for them to learn new rules for a game
- They have difficulty in keeping the track of multi-step directions
- Difficult to the hang of telling time
- It is difficult to learn another language
This reading disability is known as Dyslexia.
In dyslexia, the two hemispheres and the corpus callosum do not function properly. There is slow transfer of visual (input through eyes) and auditory information (input through ears) from one hemisphere to the other due to an abnormally developed corpus callosum. As a result of which the specific language are the angular gyros in the left hemisphere does not receive proper input and resultant behavior is manifested as a symptom of learning disability.
People with dyslexia don’t have any problem with their intelligence or vision and these children can succeed in school with extra tutoring or a specialized education program.
It is supposed that nowadays, one in five kids has dyslexia, and that 80 to 90 percent of kids with learning disorders have it.
There are no quick and easy methods of overcoming the problem of learning disability but there are many ways which can make things easy.
- Sharing the problem with the child may help the child.
- Use multi-sensory teaching.
- Objectives should be clearly defined.
- Use concrete objects to teach.
- Make directions simple and clear.
- Play games such as “Simon says” “musical chairs” and other direction following games.
- Create a series of subject specific spelling cards.
- Avoid overloading the memory.
Dyslexia affects people from all backgrounds, although a person’s native language can play an important role. In some languages where there is a clear connection between how a word is written and how it sounds, with consistent grammatical rules, such as Italian and Spanish, can be easier for a person with mild to moderate dyslexia.
Some parents and teachers often confuse ADHD with dyslexia.
ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is about the difficulty a child faces to stay focused during reading and other activities. Approximately 40% of the children who have ADHD also suffer from dyslexia. But they both should not be confused.
Major Symptoms of ADHD are:
- Children with ADHD fail to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities.
- They don’t listen with full attention, when spoken to directly.
- They don’t follow through on instructions properly at one time.
- They have difficulty in organizing tasks and activities.
- They get distracted easily by extraneous stimuli.
Never judge dyslexia to be a reflection of a child’s intelligence — in fact it is defined as a gap between a student’s ability and achievement. Some children suffering from dyslexia are able to keep up with their fellow classmates with extra efforts for the starting class grades. But as the standards increase, they are not able to read quickly and fluently in order to keep up with their work, facing trouble and embarrassment.
Earlier it was believed that dyslexia is more common in boys than in girls but now as per the studies and research it has been proved that boys and girls are affected equally.
Kids suffering from dyslexia including the children who are yet to be diagnosed often face the issue of low self-esteem because they are frustrated from the fact that there is something wrong with them and they are not able to learn or read like the other kids of their age.