When a women gets pregnant, her world goes upside down- Pregnancy, hormonal fluctuation, risks!
At one end it is extreme happiness, at the other end is responsibility to take care of herself as well as the her baby who has not yet come in the world.
When a women conceives, she has all doctors with all advice’s around her!
But you cannot believe each and everyone!
Loads of complications arises during entire pregnancy. Those 9 months are the most crucial yet the most happiest months for a expecting mother.
Complications which catches up the utmost attention is gestational diabetes also called as GDM and pregnancy induced hypertension also called PIH.
In this article, we will be covering about pregnancy induced hypertension or PIH in depth.
What is Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)?
- Elevated blood pressure during first 20 weeks of pregnancy which has no presence of protein in urine.
- Hypertension is diagnosed as blood pressure more than 140/90 mm hg.
What causes Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)?
- Excessive smoking
- Excessive alcohol
- Strong family history
- Twin-Triplet pregnancy
- Kidney disorders
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancy.
- Gestational diabetes
- Placental issues
What are the classification or types of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)?
(1) Chronic hypertension
- Hypertension before pregnancy.
- Hypertension before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
(2) Gestational Hypertension
- Elevated blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
- No presence of protein in urine
(3) Pre eclampsia
- Pregnancy induced disorder in which there is protein found in the urine.
- It can be fatal if not handled properly.
- Pregnancy induced disorder which has severe seizures.
(5) Chronic hypertension and pre eclampsia
- If the mother has hypertension issues and protein in urine before pregnancy this can be followed even during PIH or pregnancy induced hypertension which becomes extremely dangerous for the mother as well as the baby.
What are the signs and symptoms of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)?
- Kidney issues
- Presence of protein in urine
- Blurred vision
- Pain in the chest region
- Blood in urine
Complications due to pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)?
- Preterm labor
- Placental issues- Developmental issue
- Premature delivery
- Intra uterine death which is also called as IUD
- Intra uterine growth restriction which is called as IUGR
- Blood clots
How can you manage pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)?
- Consult your doctor if you feel any of these symptoms as soon as possible.
- If the levels are elevated, complete bed rest.
- If something is stressing you out, first try managing it.
- Indulge into some meditation or pregnancy related yoga workouts under expert supervision.
- Keep yourself low on salt, try using some substitutes like rock salt or black salt. Dont binge on processed foods.
- A balanced diet needs to be followed to have a healthy pregnancy.
- Reduce overall salt, dont eat foods which has topped salt.
- Increase fiber in your diet.
- Include more complex carbohydrates like oats, oat bran in your diet.
- Include good fatty acid sources like nuts in your daily routine.
- Drink lots of water. Make sure you dont let yourself get dehydrated.
- Include high biological value proteins like eggs, soya in your diet (Check for allergies)
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Stay active, eat healthy- STAY BLESSED!