Tooth decay is the conditioning of your tooth enamel and refers to the damage of the structure of the tooth caused by the acids that are made when plaque microscopic organisms separate sugar in your mouth.

When the tooth is frequently exposed to acids — for example, if you eat or drink continuously, especially foods having high sugar and starches content — the repeated cycles of acid attacks cause the enamel to continue to lose minerals. If this loss of mineral from the enamel is left untreated, a cavity, or hole in the tooth, can eventually occur. Without treatment, these holes can grow larger over time and may even destroy the whole tooth. At this point if this loss of mineral from the enamel is left untreated, a hole, or gap in the tooth called a cavity occurs. Without treatment, these gaps can develop bigger after some time and may even crush the entire tooth.Tooth decay can be prevented or reversed at this point. The tooth enamel can repair itself by using the minerals from our saliva, and fluoride from toothpaste or other sources.

The plaque acids can too eat away at the next layer of the tooth (dentin) and eventually cause what is known as a root cavity. As a result, nerves in your teeth become exposed and you may feel pain when you eat or drink. If you feel pain near the root of your tooth, chances are you may have some form of tooth decay and should consult with a dental professional.The plaque acids can likewise consume the following layer of the tooth (dentin) and in the long run it can cause cavities. Thus, nerves in your teeth become uncovered and you may have sensations whenever you eat or drink.

The risk of tooth cavities or tooth decay can be for everyone but the risk gets enhanced because of the following factors:

  • High consumption of sugary or acidic foods and drinks.
  • poor oral hygiene practice and failing to brush or floss daily.
  • eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia.
  • acid reflux disease, which can result in stomach acid wearing down your tooth enamel.


There can be many treatments for the tooth decay problem but the type of treatment depends on the severity of the case.

  • Tooth Fillings:

For this the dentist drills the tooth and removes the decayed material. After this it is filled with either gold, silver or something similar.

  • Crowns:

When the severity of the problem increases the dentist removes all the decayed material from the tooth and places a customized cap over the tooth to replace the natural crown.

  • Root Canal:

This is the extreme case of tooth decay and it leads to the damage of the nerves too. In its treatment the nerve tissue along with the blood vessel tissues are removed. The dentist also checks for the infections and puts medication to the roots as needed.   In some cases, crown is also applied to replace the natural cap.

What can be some tooth friendly tips to prevent tooth decays:

  • Limit the time between-meal snacks.

This diminishes the quantity of corrosive assaults on teeth and allows teeth to fix themselves.

  • Avoid too much of candy and sugary stuff and save these things for a special occasion.


  • Ensure that your children do not eat or drink anything with sugar in it after sleep time tooth brushing. Without enough salivation, teeth are less ready to fix themselves after a corrosive assault.
  • Taking great consideration of your teeth is an imperative piece of keeping up your general well-being and health, and that incorporates keeping the feared dental pit. A dental cavity is a standout amongst the most well-known consequences of tooth rot and could be an indication of poor oral well-being and cleanliness.


  • Brush with fluoride toothpaste after eating or drinking.

Brush your teeth at least twice a day and ideally after every meal, using fluoride-containing toothpaste. To clean between your teeth, floss or use an inter dental cleaner.

  • Rinse your mouth.

To avoid the problem of tooth cavities it is advisable to rinse the mouth with fluoride liquid.

  • Have regular checkups.

It is advised that there should be regular teeth cleaning and oral exams which can prevent tooth problems.

  • Drink some tap water.

It is sometimes advisable that some public water should be consumed since they have added fluoride which can reduce tooth decay.

  • Avoid frequent snacking.

At whatever point you eat or drink refreshments other than water, you help your mouth microscopic organisms make acids that can pulverize tooth polish.

  • Eat tooth-healthy foods.

A few foods and drinks are preferable for your teeth over others. Keep away from nourishment that stall out in furrows and pits of your teeth for extensive stretches, or brush not long after subsequent to eating them.

So to keep your mouth solid for an incredible duration, realize what causes the problems, what a cavity is and the effect even a solitary hole can have on your long duration of oral well-being.

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