The prostate gland encloses the urethra which is the tube through which urine passes out of the male body. It produces the fluid that makes semen and nourishes the sperm. Prostate needs testosterone hormone to grow and develop. It is a size of a walnut and it normally grows as men grow older. This usually causes a difficulty in urinating in men. These symptoms might lead to cancer but not always.
Prostate malignant growth is a standout amongst the most well-known kinds of disease in men. Typically, prostate growth develops gradually and is at first bound to the prostate organ, where it may not cause genuine mischief. While a few sorts of prostate malignancy develop gradually and may require insignificant or even no treatment, different sorts are forceful and can spread rapidly.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer:
In the early stages, there may be no symptoms but it should not be ignored. In the later stages, the following symptoms might exist:
- Feeling of frequent or sudden need of urination.
- Having trouble in starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there.
- Having discomfort when urinating like pain and burning sensation.
- Getting blood in urine or semen.
- Pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips.
These symptoms do not make it sure that you have prostate cancer but they should not be ignored and consulting a doctor is always a good idea.
There are some factors that increase the chances of developing prostate cancer:
- Age: Prostate cancer depends on age, which means the chance of developing it alleviates with age. The risk of having prostate cancer is 1 in 7 men by the age of 75 years. And by the age of 85, the chance increases to 1 in 5.
- Family history: If any of the first relation relative has prostate cancer then there is a higher chance of developing it compared to the condition if there is no such history. The risk increases more if there is more than one male member having prostate cancer in the family.
- Race: As per the research studies, it is observed that black men have a higher risk of prostate cancer than other men. It is more aggressive and advanced in the case of black men.
- Obesity: Obese men have a higher chance of having prostate cancer and it is more likely that this disease becomes difficult to treat in their case.
Let’s now understand what other factors make it more difficult to treat prostate cancer:
- Prostate cancer is likely to spread: Prostate cancer might spread to nearby organs, such as bladder, or might enter the bloodstream and effect the bones and other organs. This might cause pain in the bones and it increases the risk of fracture.
- Urine Incontinence: Prostate cancer leads to incontinence in urination but if it is not very severe it can be cured soon.
- Erectile dysfunction: one of the major problems that are caused because of prostate cancer is erectile dysfunctional. This can also be one of the results of the treatment for prostate cancer or the medications or surgery. Medications are also available for its treatment.
- Diet and lifestyle: Some studies suggest that eating a lot of processes meat and high fat containing food can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. Environment and lifestyle can also be a reason that increases the risk of prostate cancer.
To diagnose prostate cancer usually doctors do a blood test or physical examination to check the health of the prostate. Prostate Specific Antigen test (PSA) shows if there is an increase in a specific protein level. High PSA may result in prostate cancer or any type of other cancer. The next is digital rectal examination (DRE) in this the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger in the rectum to check the size of the prostate and checks if there are any abnormalities.
There are not many measures that can prevent prostate cancer from developing but some factors can reduce the risk of it occurring:
- Have a healthy diet: Try reducing the intake of high fat containing food and incorporate more vegetables and fruits in your daily routine.
- Select natural fruits over supplements: Try avoiding supplements in your diet and have foods rich in vitamins and minerals. This might help in reducing the risk of prostate cancer.
- Workout and physical exercise: Exercise helps in the overall improvement of health. This helps in maintaining body weight which in turn reduces the risk of prostate cancer. It is always better to exercise at least for 30 minutes a day. Men who don’t exercise have higher PSA levels, while men who exercise may have lower levels and thus a lower risk of prostate cancer.
- Talk to your doctor in case of doubt: Men who believe that they have higher risk of prostate cancer should consult a doctor in case of any doubt. Because prevention is always better than cure.