STI’S (Sexually transmitted infection) is a major concern everywhere around the world be it developing countries or developed countries. All over the world thirty types of sexually transmitted bacteria are detected out of which most common are HIV, gonorrhea, syphilis, hepatitis B. Enjoying sex or having pleasure is no harm but we should make sure that we are not all in any kind of danger
SYMPTOMS OF STI’S
Such type of infection don’t have any particular symptoms, any person just by looking at the infected can’t say that you are suffering from any kind of sexually transmitted disease. This also means that the person himself won’t know whether he is suffering from sexually transmitted diseases. It’s just recommended to use condoms whenever you are having sex, having unprotected sex triples the chances of STI. If you have unprotected sex once, you might get infected with HIV. And the number of partners increases the chances of HIV or other forms of STI’S.
Symptoms that might conclude to STI:
- Irregular periodic cycle
- Pain while having sex
- Smelly unusual vaginal or urethral discharge
- Rashes or sores around genitals
- Pain or burning while urination
- Blisters, boils, swelling
- Warts and polyps
People who are infected with HIV OR STI may also have
- Rashes or skin infection on chest and around areas or lesion
- Bad or a sore throat
- Lower abdomen pain
- Joint pains
But this is nowhere said that if u doesn’t have these symptoms you don’t have STI or HIV. There may be chances that you still have STI so GET YOURSELF TESTED so that faster the treatment can start.
The most commonly found sexual infection in India is gonorrhea. It basically affects the mucous membrane. The infection is transmitted only by the direct contact, or by sexual contact or through birth canal from mother to the newborn.
The ratio of the infection in India is 4:1 in females than in males. And in females also the higher risk is to the adolescent girls.
Testing of STI’S
The undiagnosed HIV is more dangerous because there is increased the risk of transmission of infection. So it is always suggested whenever you think you have chances of STI straight away get yourself tested at a sexual health clinic. There are many community contraceptive clinics which have this facility.
It is always suggested that before stop using condoms, the partner should get himself or herself tested of SIT because the precaution is always better than cure.
The doctor may advise the following tests:
- Positive cervical gram stain
- Urethral culture for gonorrhea in men
- Cervical culture for gonorrhea in women
- Throat culture for gonorrhea
- Joint fluid gram stain
- Synovial fluid culture for gonorrhea
The patients of STI’S can be always sure of the confidentiality at the clinic. If the patient doesn’t want to disclose their identity they can say no to the disclosure but it is always suggested to give proper contact information so that there can be no delay in any type of treatment.