Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome, also commonly known as PCOD is a disorder of hormone which is prevalent in women who are of reproductive age. Women who suffer from this disease undergo a prolonged period of menstrual cycles. Some also suffer from irregular menstruation. There is a development of many follicles in the ovaries which hinders the process of release of eggs however, nobody knowns the exact cause of PCOD. If undiagnosed and untreated, the patient may have the risks of developing complications like heart disease and type 2 diabetes in the long run.
Let us ponder and find out the symptoms, causes, complications and treatment for this disease.
Symptoms Of PCOD:
During puberty, at the time of onset of your first menstrual cycle, the symptoms of PCOD develops. If you face the following symptoms, a diagnosis of PCOD should be made.
- Infrequent Menstruation: The common signs of PCOD are irregular or infrequent periods, and prolonged cycles of menstruation.
- Presence of Excess Androgen: If the male hormones are present in excess, then it can be a sign of PCOD. If you have excess body hair or facial hair, then there are chances that you have elevated levels of male hormones.
- Polycystic Ovaries: If your ovaries develop follicles, then the ovaries might not release the eggs and function properly.
What could be the causes of PCOD?
Nobody knows the exact causes of PCOD. The following could be the causes for the same:
- Presence of excess insulin: The hormone that is produced in the pancreas is insulin. The hormone allows the cells to use sugar that supplies energy to our body. Production of excess insulin can result in the rise of blood sugar. Increase in insulin will increase the production of androgen eventually. This can be a hindrance in the process of ovulation.
- Heredity: The research tells us that one of the causes of PCOD could be heredity. There are specific genes that might have a link with PCOD.
- Production of Excess Androgen: When the ovaries produce abnormal level of androgen, it leads to acne and hirsutism.
Some of the complications or problems that occurs due to PCOD are as follows:
- Gestational Diabetes
- High Blood pressure pregnancy
- Premature birth or miscarriage
- Sleep Apnea
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Eating disorders and depression
- Excessive bleeding from the uterine
- Endometrial Cancer.
How Can This Disease Be Diagnosed?
If you are suffering from this disease, you would want it to be diagnosed correctly. Hence, the doctor might ask you several questions regarding your menstrual cycles, signs and symptoms and your past health. You yourself can indulge into a physical examination in order to look for the signs and symptoms of PCOD. It is important to have a healthy body mass index which is also known as BMI. The medical practitioner will check that too. He will ask you to undergo several laboratory tests such as blood sugar, insulin and other tests that measures your hormone levels. Gland problems can also lead to PCOD. In order to rule out the chances of cysts on your ovaries, the doctor might ask you to undergo a pelvic ultrasound.
Treatment Of The Disease:
Last but not the least, the most important thing is the course of treatment for this disease. Some of the significant treatment are eating healthy foods, controlling your weight and exercising on a regular basis. The treatment can help rule out long term complications of the health.
- You can practice walking, which is a great exercise. A little change in your daily routine and inclusion of a moderate activity can really be helpful for you.
- Dont eat too much of junk foods. On the contrary, go for healthy foods. Your food should include nuts, beans, vegetables, whole grains and fruits. It is unadvisable to have food which have high levels of saturated fat like cheese, meat or fried foods.
- Some women have got a lot of benefits by losing their weights. Weight loss can balance your hormones and help regulate the cycle of your menstruation.
- In addition, if you have a habit of smoking, try to quit it. It has been found that smokers have elevated levels of androgen that can lead to PCOD.
- Your medical practitioner can also ask you to take birth control pills in order to decrease the symptoms. He might prescribe metformin that can regulate your menstrual cycles. He can prescribe fertility medicines if you are facing pregnancy issues.
- Do not forget to visit your doctor at regular intervals for follow up and consultation.
PCOD might be difficult to deal with. I hope the article will give you a fair idea about the disease. However, you should not lose hope. Good treatment and proper counselling can help you overcome your depression and get rid of the symptoms of PCOD.