There is increasing evidence that diet related chronic diseases do not afflict only the elite population but also the middle and lower income families. Lack of fruits, vegetables, fiber in diet also faulty diet pattern leads to chronic illness. On lower income group people the occurrence of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases are increased in numbers. Precise information on the prevalence of these disorders is, however, not available.
The data from the surveys conducted by the National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau (NNMB) indicate that there has been an increased in energy intake in adults-both men and women, over the last three decades. Data (NNMB) also indicates that over years there has been some decline in chronic energy deficiency in adults and a concurrent increase in obesity.
These changes may be partly due to urbanization and improving economic status and consequent changes in eating habits and decreased physical activity. Simultaneously, there have been major alterations in lifestyle activities that includes, available of domestic cooking gas, easy mode of water, work is minimized by all means and ease mode of transportation. So there is decreased in physical activity and energy expenditure. Lack of physical activity due to sedentary lifestyle is the major health risk which is present all over the world, to avoid this situation now a day’s gym usage increases, people care for their health, stick on diet and go with lifestyle modification.
Tips for healthy eating to prevent many Chronic Diseases
- Nutrition garden can help provide more fruits and vegetables for consumption. Grow these in and around your house, Anganwadi, school and community. Green leafy vegetables can be grown in pots also.
- Moderate amounts of pulses, nuts, milk and milk products are necessary for all, particularly for vegetarians. Growing children need more of these body building foods.
- Eating a fiber rich diet is good for optimal health of a person. Dietary fiber helps in prevention of diabetes, hypertension, cardio vascular diseases and also cancer.
- Using three kinds of fats and oils such as ghee or vanaspati, mustard oil and refined vegetable oil is ideal for good health.
- Green leafy vegetables and fruits provide vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and fiber. These are vital for all age groups including infants and young children.
- Cereals should be the main source of energy. Unrefined cereals like broken wheat, whole wheat flour, under-milled rice and millets (bajra, jowar, and ragi) provide better nutrition than refined cereals (refined wheat flour and its products).
- Any infection leads to loss of nutrients from the body. Prevent infections by observing personal and food hygiene and keeping the surroundings clean.
- Elderly people need small meals at frequent intervals. Milk and milk products, fruits and vegetables are essential for healthy ageing. Fatty, fried and heavily spiced foods need to be restricted.
- Obesity is the result of wrong eating and inadequate physical activity. It predisposes one to various diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, CHD etc. Control your body weight by reducing intake of fats and oils, sugar and sweets also by including physical activity on daily basis.